On Talk of the Nation Science Friday May 14, the law and science of lie detection and mind reading through MRI scans. A scan of the literature reveals that scholars have writing in this area for several years now. Here's a short bibliography.
Bhatt, Meghana, and Colin Camerer, Self-Referential Thinking and Equilibrium as States of Mind in Games: Fmri Evidence, 52 Games and Economic Behavior 424-459 (August 2005).
Feigenson, Neil, Brain Imaging and Courtroom Evidence: On the Admissibility and Persuasiveness of fMRI, 2 International Journal of Law in Context 233-255 (2006).
Lowenberg, Kelly, Deceptive Forensics: The Reliability of Forensic fMRI Lie Detection Tests.
Marks, Jonathan H., Interrogational Neuroimaging in Counterterrorism: A No-Brainer or a Human Rights Hazard? 33 American Journal of Law and Medicine 483-500 (2007).
Moriarty, Jane Campbell, Visions of Deception: Neuroimages and the Search for Truth, 42 Akron Law Review 739 (2009).
Thompson, Sean Kevin, The Legality of the Use of Psychiatric Neuroimaging in Intelligence Interrogation, 90 Cornell 1601 (2005).
So, is it possible for law enforcement to read a suspect's mind? Is the plot of "Minority Report" coming true--with technology?