From Weekend Edition Saturday, Scott Simon talks with William Kalush about the history of magic.
For the history of the regulation of magic, start with Reginald Scot, The Discoverie of Witchcraft, first published in 1584. Full text here. Scot wanted to disabuse his contemporaries of the notion that witches really existed, and that instead what they believed was the result of witchcraft was actually tricks, illusion, or misapprehension brought on by mental disability or disease. Scot actually pointed out that many "witches" were also "women which be commonly old, lame, blear-eyed, pale, foul, and full of wrinkles; poor, and sullen, superstitious, and papists; or such as know no religion: in whose drowsy minds the devil hath gotten a fine seat..." (thus, people who are marginalized in the community and likely to be demonized by others).
However, James VI of Scotland (I of England) believed in witches (and burned a fair number) and rejected Scot's view. He wrote the Daemonologie in response and after he came to the English throne, made use of Elizabeth I's witchcraft act (5 Eliz. 1, passed 1562, amended 2 Jac. I, 1604) with great relish.
Owen Davies, A History of Grimoires (2009).
Matthew Dickie, Magic and Magicians in the Greco-Roman World (2003).